Waste Management in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Afghanistan
|Date:||Thu, Oct 18, 2007|
Policy formation is only one of the three main components in the continuum of policy formation policy implementation policy evaluation policy formation. To fully understand why policy outcomes often fall significantly short of policy intentions we need to examine the structuring factors, i.e., the institutions of governance, that shape the policy process. This lecture focuses on the interplay between the policy process and the notions of governance and institutions to articulate a framework for conducting institutionally sensitive policy analysis. Illustrative examples are drawn from the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Afghanistan to argue that each policy process is the product of its ³own² institutional landscape, and not directly and immediately subject to policy intentions at higher decision making scales. In all the three cases, national problems, policies, politics and peculiarities manifested as formal and informal institutions play a major role in facilitating and curtailing the direction of change mostly independently of policy intentions imposed from higher scales of decision making. The lecture will conclude with a discussion of the available options to narrow the gap between environmental policy outcomes and intentions.
Saeed Parto is currently Senior Researcher (Political Economy and Governance) at the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) based in Kabul, Afghanistan. At AREU he manages the research programmes on national energy policy, urban sanitation and waste management, and private sector development. He is also a visiting lecturer at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Maastricht University.